In a report appearing in the February 2011 online edition of the journal Human Reproduction,
Peruvian researchers reiterate findings earlier studies showing that fertilization
outcomes from vitrified oocytes are similar to those obtained from fresh oocytes.
Vitrified oocytes had a survival rate of 89.4%, the researchers report. The fertilization
rate in the vitrification group was 76.1% compared to 87.5% seen in the fresh group,
a difference that was not statistically significant.More...
Topiramate (also available in brand names Topamax or Topiragen), one of the common
anti-epileptic drugs that is sometimes taken during pregnancy, has been confirmed
to increase the likelihood of babies being born with cleft lip and cleft palate,
according to new data, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States
has written in a communiqué. . More...
In a report published online, the journal Nature reports of a potentially important
breakthrough in the search for a non-invasive test for Down’s syndrome to replace
amniocentesis and CVS currently used to confirm or rule out a diagnosis of this and
other chromosomal disorders. The study was carried out by researchers at the Cyprus
Institute of Neurology and Genetics and was supported by the University of Cyprus.
It has been reported that two of the largest studies to date looking at this triple-negative
breast cancer have found that reproductive factors, specifically, pregnancy and multiple
childbirth as well as obesity and lack of physical activity increase the risk for
the disease. It is an established fact that pregnancy does reduce the risk of estrogen
receptor positive breast cancer (the commonest type. More...
Inducing labour without a medical indication is associated with negative outcomes
for the mother, including increased rates of caesarean delivery, greater risk of
postpartum haemorrhage and an extended length of stay in the hospital, and does not
provide any benefit for the newborn. The new findings, published in the February
2011 issue of the Journal of Reproductive Medicine. More...
Pregnant women who take the anti-malarial atovaquone- proguanil (more popularly
known by its brand name Malarone) during their first trimester might not be increasing
their baby's risk of birth defects, a new study suggests. "Atovaquone- proguanil
exposure at any time in weeks 3 through 8 after conception was not significantly
associated with increased risk of any major birth defect," write the researchers..
Scientists at The Wistar Institute and the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
may have discovered protein markers that could provide doctors with the first reliable
blood test to predict ectopic pregnancies. Their findings are presented in the February
16, 2011 issue of the Journal of Proteome Research. In a related small-scale study
of clinical samples, published recently in the journal Fertility and Sterility, the
researchers found that one of the proteins-ADAM12-showed a nearly 97 percent correlation
with ectopic pregnancy. More...
There is a wide divergence in the philosophy of how to deal with Group B streptococcal
‘infection’ for pregnant women between Europe and North America. While European doctors
actively discourage testing for the bacteria in pregnancy, in the United States and
Canada, testing for Group B strep is done routinely in the third trimester. Now,
a study presented at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's (SMFM) annual meeting
The Pregnancy Meeting™, in San Francisco, advocates going furthers. More...
In a study presented on February the 12th, 2011 at the Society for Maternal-Fetal
Medicine's (SMFM) annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting ™, in San Francisco, USA;
researchers presented findings that are claimed to prove that the use of fetal heart
rate monitors lowers the rate of infant mortality. There have been a handful of small
studies conducted in the past that looked at the effectiveness of fetal heart rate
monitors, but none of them were large enough to be conclusive. More...
In the last week of January 2011, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced
that women with either saline- or silicone gel–filled breast implants may have a
very small but significant risk for a rare cancer called anaplastic large-cell lymphoma
(ALCL) adjacent to the implant.More...
One of the challenges that continually face public health officials is to stay on
top of the rampant sexually transmitted infections (STIs), also knows as STDs, in
the face of the ever-evolving resistance to drugs which lose their ability to successfully
treat the infections in question. New guidelines intended to assist the clinician
with the management of persons who have, or are at risk for, sexually transmitted
diseases were released in December 2010. Although these guidelines emphasize treatment,
prevention strategies and diagnostic evaluation are also discussed. Some of the key
changes include the prevention and treatment of HPV, gonorrhea, and lymphogranuloma
venereum proctocolitis.. More...